Agriculture is directly exposed to the effects of climate change. Warming, with sufficient nutrient and water availability, may tend to contribute to increased agricultural productivity. The scarcity of water resources, the increased numbers of weeds and pests, and the possible increase in extreme events can lead to yield losses.
Fields of action and the Confederation’s goals
The overall objective of agriculture is, thanks to forward looking adaptation, to increase both production and public services both production.
- Agricultural production is optimally adapted to changed site suitability.
- Production potential is used in the best possible way and risk exposure is reduced.
- The best soils (crop rotation areas) are preserved for agriculture.
- The risk of erosion and leaching of nutrients is counteracted, and the risk of compaction is purposefully reduced.
- Water management is optimised (improving the water retention of soil, reducing evaporation losses and avoiding critical soil water conditions).
- Irrigation is based on water availability and thus is economical and efficient.
- Drought-tolerant crops and varieties are grown where necessary.
- Effective measures to prevent heat stress in animals and plants (shadows, cooling, breeding, etc.) are developed and being used.
- Potentially harmful organisms, the distribution area of which is threatening to expand into Switzerland, are monitored.
- Emerging harmful organisms with high potential for damage are detected at an early stage and measures taken to
prevent and control them.
- Alternative control measures and anti-resistance strategies are developed and implemented.
- The effect of price volatility is cushioned by effective risk management (operational and income diversification, inventories, crop insurance, etc.) and integrated markets.
Last modification 26.04.2016