Forests provide a wide range of ecosystem services that are relevant for the people at the local, regional and global scale.
Forests cover roughly 30% percent of the global land surface area. Forests store large quantities of carbon and are currently our planet's largest land-based (terrestrial) carbon sink. They regulate the local, regional and global climate, provide timber and fibres and are also major biodiversity hotspots. In addition, Switzerland's forests play an important role in landscape aesthetics, recreation and tourism and in protecting settlements and other infrastructure against natural hazards. On top of this, forests are one of Switzerland's few sources of renewable energy and as such could make a major contribution to so-called bioeconomies, i.e. economic systems that function without fossil fuels.
Impacts, risks and opportunities
Last modification 15.11.2021